Robert Indiana (b. Robert Clark, 1928) is an American artist known for his bold, iconic imagery associated with the Pop Art movement of the 1960s. After several years of study at the Art Institute of Chicago, the Skowhegan School and Edinburgh College of Art, Indiana settled in New York in 1954, where he developed his hard-edge style using typography as the subject for most of his paintings and sculptures. Indiana is known for graphic, text-based works featuring numbers and short words, such as EAT, HUG, and DIE, that he worked into paintings, multi-media sculpture and prints. In 2008, Indiana used his LOVE image as the basis for a new work substituting the word HOPE, using it as the image for Barack Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign, in which the artist raised $1,000,000 for Obama. A stainless steel sculptural version was unveiled in Denver outside of the 2008 Democratic Convention.
Indiana is regularly shown in museums, including three recent solo shows. “The Essential Robert Indiana” at the Indianapolis Museum of Art and “Robert Indiana: The Mother of Us All” at the McNay Art Museum as well as 2013’s solo New York show, “Robert Indiana: Beyond LOVE” at the Whitney Museum of American Art.